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  1. #17
    spockey is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    Feb 2007
    In case anyone is interested in light reading. There's a lot out there but not everything is freely published. I had to write a short article and this was my bibliography - I had access to a library though:

    Barron-Hauwaert, S. (2004). Langauge Strategies for Bilingual Families: The One Parent-One-Language Approach. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

    Clyne, M. (1991). Community Languages: The Australian Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Cunningham-Andersson, U. and Andersson, S. (1999). Growing Up in Two Languages: A Practical Guide. New York: Routledge.

    De Houwer, A. (1999). Environmental Factors in Early Bilingual Development: The Role of Parental Beliefs and Attitudes. In G. Extra and L. Verhoeven (Eds.) Bilingualism and Migration (pp. 75-96). New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

    Dopke, S. (1992). One parent one language: An interactional approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

    Eisenberg, A., Murkoff, H. and Hathaway, S. E. (1989). What to expect the first year. New York: Workman

    Garcia, E. (1986). Bilingual Development and the Education of Bilingual Children during Early Childhood. American Journal of Education 95 (1): 96-121.

    Jackson, L. (2006). Foreign fathers ? Native English speaking fathers? contributions to bilingual child-rearing in intermarried families in Japan. New Voices: Cross-cultural Encounters in the Australia-Japan Relationship. The Japan Foundation (Nov.): 87-98

    King, K. and Fogle, L. (2006). Raising Bilingual Children: Common Parental Concerns and Current Research. CAL Digest (April)

    Lambert, B. (2006) Issues in Family Language Planning and Transmission: The Example of German in Australian Family Settings. Dissertation. The University of Melbourne.

    Langley, M. (1999). Bringing up(bilingual)baby ? Marketers rush to meet demand for toys, tapes and classes; achieving ?total immersion?. Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.) (Oct.): B1

    Patterson, J.L. (2002). Relationship of expressive vocabulary to frequency of reading and television experience among bilingual toddlers. Applied Psycholinguistics 23: 493-508.

    Shin, S. (2005). Developing in Two Languages: Korean Children in America. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

    Snow, C. (1990). Rationales for native language instruction: Evidence from research. In A.M. Padilla, H.H. Fairchild and C. M. Valdez (Eds.) Bilingual education issues and strategies (pp. 47-59). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Press.

    Tokuhama-Espinosa, T. (2001) Raising Multilingual Children: Foreign Language Acquisition and Children. Westport: Bergin and Garvey.

    Yamamoto, M. (1995). Bilingualism in International Families. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 16: 63-85

    Yamamoto, M. (2001). Language Use in Interlingual Families: A Japanese-English Sociolinguistic Study. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

    Yamamoto, M. (2005). What Makes Who Choose What Language To Whom? Language Use in Japanese-Filipino Interlingual Families in Japan. The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 8 (6): 588-606

  2. #18
    Koan is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Quote Originally Posted by NewMommie View Post
    On this similar topic since I see at least two moms who try with Mandarin but are not native speakers, does anyone have any advice on whether it is detrimental to speak imperfectly to your child in a language (in this case, Mandarin), when you are actually trying to help them learn it? I had a naysayer tell me that I should just speak English to my child and then hire help to teach her Mandarin. But I feel like that's such a waste because I can speak it, only not really that well...that shouldn't be an issue when she's just learning languages though - or is it?

    It's not detrimental, rarely can linguistic input be deemed detrimental. I think it depends on what you want.

    Do you want your child to learn Mandarin? If it is important to you, then continue to speak to your child in Mandarin but I'd also ensure that the child has a opportunity to socialise with other Mandarin speakers. If you are the only Mandarin your child ever hears, then she'll only learn as much as you can teach.

    If you want your child to be exposed to and develop an interest in Mandarin, but a certain level of competency is not important to you, then don't worry about it!

  3. #19
    yonge is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    Hong Kong
    Our household - including live-in grandparents - speak about 50% English, 30% Cantonese and 20% Mandarin. Neither our 4 1/2 year old or 1 1/2 year old seem confused and can respond to all three. In fact, my older one will ask for words in different languages, just for fun. We're pleased that they seem open-minded and we don't expect native fluency to be achieved in every case, but hope that they will come away with a degree of appreciation and comfort for other languages and cultures.

    My 4 1/2 year old is currently attending Singapore International School, which is conducted in 50% English and 50% Mandarin. When we were living in Singapore, his playgroup and nursery were divided along the same lines. My 1 1/2 year old will go to a local kindergarten which is about 70% Cantonese, 20% English and 10% Mandarin. He, too, will attend SIS if we remain in HK. However, we will watch TV/DVD, read books and sing songs in English, Mandarin and Cantonese, as well as occasionally in French, Italian and others.

  4. #20
    Sedenya is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Hong Kong
    It was very long to read. Lot valuable infos, thanks to ALL!
    I guess we are not doing the right thing since I speak the language A, my husband B, and communicate with the language C (which is english)!!!!! Wrong!!!! In addition to that I mix my mothertongue (language A) with english when I speak to my son.
    After reading all your posts I had tried not to mix, but it seems like it's impossible!!!! Anyways, hope for the best........

    Thanks ....

  5. #21
    mati is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    North point
    I speak English to my girl, my husband speaks French to her, we have a mandarin teacher come to our place twice a week since Zoe is 1.5 yrs old. Zoe now is 5 years old, she speaks good English, so so with French. Just surprisingly, Zoe speaks Mandarin fluently. Logically, Zoe should speak better French as she hears and speaks French every day at home with her Daddy, however, Mandarin is just twice a week. We believe it's all because of Zoe's Mandarin teacher, Zoe likes her a lot, she makes Zoe feel interested in learning Mandarin, that's why Zoe often asked me how to say this in Mandarin, how to say that in Mandarin. So I do believe the interest is the best teacher.

  6. #22
    fatchai is offline Registered User
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Sai Wan Ho
    hi all:
    i need some advice from all experiences parents here. my son is 2.5 years old now and his English level is still at the single or double words level. me and my wife speak English to him since he was born because my wife isn't a local Chinese people. but both of us aren't native English speaker also. when he turned 2 yr old, we decided to put him in the English stream nursery class because we tot it would improve his English but it turned out to be not an ideal case. This coming September he will be going to K1 class and i have already enrolled him to attend the regular English/Chinese class. With his current language abilities, i m worry he can't cope with the new environment at school. Still have 1/2 years before the K1 class starts, is there anything i could help him to improve both his English/ Chinese abilities. i have been discussed with my son's issue with his current nursery class teacher but she told me that i don't need to worry too much at this moment. i need a second opinion because i think she jut try to delay my question and response and later she can close my case when the semester ends.
    Last edited by fatchai; 02-03-2010 at 04:07 PM.

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